Special waterway transport: enormous concrete threshold for storm surge barrier from Kallo to Nieuwpoort
23.5 metre wide, 42.1 metre long and five metre high, that is the size of this concrete threshold that was under construction at Kallo over the past few months. This threshold will soon be installed in the harbour channel at Nieuwpoort between both abutments of the storm surge barrier. Later, it will hold the steel barrier in normal, open position.
“The construction of the storm surge barrier is unique in our country,” explains minister Lydia Peeters. “When I see the threshold lying there, then the transport alone can be considered a real feat. Many different parties worked together to get the threshold safely at its final destination. Everyone who took part in this project has a right to be proud of being involved in the process as a whole.”
“The storm surge barrier is necessary to protect Nieuwpoort and the hinterland against floods,” says minister Lydia Peeters. “Nowadays, coastal harbours are the most at risk of floods when storm surges occur. Nieuwpoort too is currently still unprepared for the high water levels that can occur during heavy storms. For the protection of Nieuwpoort, at the Flemish Authority we are currently investing M€ 58 in the construction of storm surge barriers in the Yser estuary. The infrastructure is one of the measures in the Coastal Safety Master Plan that will protect our whole coastline against heavy storm surges until 2050.”
Dirk Van Rompaey, Director Civil Engineering Works at Jan De Nul Group: “Our Belgian coast is vulnerable to rising sea levels. The storm surge barrier being constructed by Jan De Nul in Nieuwpoort fit in a series of public measures aimed at protecting 67 km of coastline. It is a unique hydraulic structure in which civil engineering and maritime technology know-how and expertise join forces. Quite fitting for Jan De Nul. The Immersing the concrete threshold is a major milestone in this project. An exploit achieved by Jan De Nul in cooperation with Herbosch-Kiere.”
Benny De Sutter, CEO Herbosch-Kiere: “Since the works were performed in our premises in Kallo, we have the privilege of monitoring its progress on a daily basis and seeing it grow. That was a special experience for our people, here at the office. The activities on this impressive and gigantic structure went very smoothly and we are proud of our colleagues who devoted their efforts in a flexible and professional manner over the past period. We are absolutely ready tor this adventurous journey to the final destination of the threshold in Nieuwpoort.”
“The storm surge barrier is necessary to protect Nieuwpoort and the hinterland against floods."
Flemish Minister for Mobility and Public Works Lydia Peeters
Getting the threshold from Kallo to Nieuwpoort can definitely be qualified as special transport. The threshold is built onto a pontoon that can be submerged. Two tugboats first pull the pontoon through the Scheldt, and then over sea to the harbour in Ostend. A trip that will last about twelve hours.
For the transport over the Wester Scheldt and over sea, several links in the nautical chain work together closely. The Common Nautical Authority (CAN) gives approval for the river leg, and the Maritime Rescue and Coordination Centre (MRCC) issues the permit for the sea leg. For both the part of the trip on the Scheldt and over sea up to Ostend, a pilot will be on-board.
Permits have been issued for this special transport, stipulating certain safety conditions.
Upon arrival in Ostend, everything preventing the threshold from shifting or tipping over during transport (seafastening) is removed. Then, the threshold is hooked onto a crane on a second pontoon, the Matador III. The concrete threshold weighs more than 4,500 tonnes. Too heavy to lift for the Matador III. If you still remember Archimedes’ Law, you will know that a submerged object is lighter to lift. Therefore, the pontoon will be submerged so that the threshold is entirely covered by water. The load to be lifted then ‘only’ weighs 1,210 tonnes. This operation takes 16 to 20 hours. A number of checks will still need to be carried out. Only then will the threshold, suspended from the crane on the Matador III, be ready for the last leg of the trip to Nieuwpoort. This journey takes approximately six hours.
Once the threshold has arrived in the harbour channel at Nieuwpoort, it is lowered between two abutments. This takes approximately 1 day. Finally, the threshold still needs to be anchored. For this, the harbour channel will be closed off completely for about 10 days. During the whole process in Nieuwpoort, divers are present to check that the positioning happens correctly.
Installing the concrete threshold is a major milestone in the construction of the storm surge barrier. The MSC Agency launched the works in the spring of 2018. In the Nieuwpoort harbour channel, both concrete abutments and guide walls were built and the trench for the laying of the threshold was excavated.
This autumn, construction works will start for the bypass drains. These are lateral pipes in each of the abutments. They will ensure that the spring tide flow rate never exceeds three knots. Then, the steel barrier still needs to be installed, as well as the mechanical parts and the fenders, and the service building will be installed on the abutment on the right bank.
The project should be completed in 2025.
It is a unique hydraulic structure in which civil engineering and maritime technology know-how and expertise join forces.
Dirk Van Rompaey
Director Civil Engineering Works at Jan De Nul Group
Why this storm surge barrier?
When a storm surge is forecast, the flood barrier will close off the harbour channel, so that the water cannot flow into the harbour and the hinterland. The protection offered by the storm surge barrier is already needed in the case of 10-year storm surges. However, this barrier will also protect against 1000-year storm surges. The design takes into account an 80-centimeter sea level rise by the year 2100.
The threshold in numbers
- Weight: 4,570 tonnes
- Dimensions: 23 metre wide, 42.1 metre long, 5 metre high
- 1,732m³ concrete
- 572,450 kg reinforcement steel